|Other titles||Impacts of US consumer demand on the illegal and unsustainable trade of wildlife products|
|LC Classifications||KF27 .I524 2008d|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 37 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||37|
|LC Control Number||2009376327|
The unsustainable trade in wildlife is a key threat to Earth's biodiversity. Efforts to mitigate this threat have traditionally focused on regulation and enforcement, and there is a growing interest in campaigns to reduce consumer demand for wildlife products. We aimed to characterize these behavior-change campaigns and the evidence of their Cited by: High demand for illicit wildlife products is threatening the existence of many of the most-endangered species. By unsustainably removing coveted . Consumers around the globe are helping fuel a booming illegal wildlife trade that’s estimated to be valued at as much as $10 billion per year. In recent years, it’s grown to the point that wildlife trafficking is now in the top five illicit activities worldwide - up there with counterfeiting and drugs. largest consumers of illegal wildlife and wildlife products worldwide. Much of the world’s trade in illegal wildlife is either driven by U.S. consumers or passes through U.S. ports on its way to other destinations—making the United States a key player in wildlife trafficking. The value of legal.
Hearing on the Impact that U.S. Consumer demand is Having on the Illegal and Unsustainable Trade of Wildlife Products, and Ongoing and Proposed Efforts to Increase Public Awareness About These Impacts, Septem ; Darryl Fears, “Overwhelmed U.S. port inspectors unable to keep up with illegal wildlife trade,” Washington Post, Octo driven by U.S. consumers or passes . 1. Introduction Illegal wildlife trade. Wild animals, plants and their derivatives are traded worldwide to meet demands for food, clothing, decorative items, traditional medicines, and pets (Challander et al., , TRAFFIC, ).Although the trade in some wildlife products is regulated (CITES, ), the industry remains largely illicit (Rosen and Smith, ). The illegal wildlife trade is a global conservation priority, prompting a rise in interventions aimed at reducing the demand for wildlife products. Research shows that designing campaigns to target the values held by a specific audience is an effective way to alter their behaviour. The illegal and unsustainable wildlife trade is a major and growing threat to biodiversity, estimated to be worth $ billion (excluding fish and timber), making it one of the highest valued illicit trade sectors in the world. This is recognised by many governments, researchers and practitioners as a major threat to biodiversity.
Reduce demand for wildlife products, particularly those for human consumption associated with high-risk markets and taxa; Understand and mitigate the negative effects that closing high-risk wildlife markets or removal of high-risk wildlife from trade and consumption may have on the rural poor, especially Indigenous Peoples and local communities. The illegal wildlife trade has many players, from native bushmen to corrupt government officials. Much of the trade is orchestrated by international crime syndicates. Many different tactics are employed and many people involved to ease passage through ports and across borders where the exit and entry of illegal wildlife trade should be deterred. China is the largest market for illegal wildlife products – and the market continues to grow. “Wildlife species that are bred in captivity for commercial purposes make some products widely available, which drives up consumer demand and increases poaching in the wild,” said Sharon Guynup, an environmental journalist and Wilson Center. Furthermore, the outcome of programmes to reduce consumer demand for wildlife products are only known for about 37% of the programmes, and the ecological impact has been reported for only 9% (Veríssimo and Wan, ). An extra complication in the rhino poaching crisis is the scale of the problem.